Ultimate Guide to Plant Food, Get big Leaves and Maximum Yield

Table of Contents


Many of us have gardens in our backyards and we tend to give our best care to them . But at times, we might end up witnessing stunted growth or withered leaves on plants in our backyard.

Plants require certain amount of nutrients, water and good quality soil for their nourishment. Yield of a plant is often influenced by various environmental factors like sunlight, climate, soil etc.

Here we have an ultimate guide on what our plants require and in how much quantity for effective growth  and good yield.

What Do Plants Need for Optimal Growth ?

Our plants not only needs just water for their growth but are requires good soil and fertilizers which provide sufficient amount of nutrients to them which helps in the process of photosynthesis. It is essential to know what plants exactly need to get optimal growth and high yield.

Let’s move on to discuss some basic elements which are needed for good nourishment and growth of our plants.

Fertilizers are most basic nourishment elements needed for plant growth. Fertilizers can be organic as well as chemical substances which are used on the plants to enhance the growth of plants and also to keep the pests away. Fertilizers provide essential nutrients like potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen which helps a plant to grow bigger and healthier.

Here we are discussing some basic fertilizers used on the plants.

  • Phosphorus – Phosphorus is regarded as one of the most important nutrients required for plants. It helps in strengthening root system of a plant and also increases seed creation capacity of a plant. It is also considered good for budding and blooming of leaves and flowers.

  • Nitrogen – Nitrogen is a vital element in plant growth as it is a major component of chlorophyll which is very essential in the process of photosynthesis. It also aids in building amino acids, proteins. It also helps in optimising the yield.


  • Potassium – Potassium is an activator of many important enzymes such as protein synthesis, sugar synthesis and photosynthesis. It is also an important element required in a plan for movement of water, carbohydrates and essential nutrients inside the plant tissue.


  • Calcium – Being an essential plant nutrient, it is very essential for cell walls of a plant. It serves as a counter cation for organic and inorganic anions in the vacuoles. It also maintains membrane stability and also acts as a constituent for cell walls. 

  • Magnesium – It is considered as the core of the chlorophyll molecule that helps in photosynthesis. If magnesium is deficient, then a plant would lack in the molecule of chlorophyll which in turn would affect the whole process of photosynthesis which results in stunted growth of plants. It is considered as the powerhouse of the photosynthesis process.


  • Zinc – it is responsible for all the metabolic reactions in plants. Zinc is an important component for a wide range of enzymes which are responsible for various metabolic reactions in plants.

Importance of Soil

Soil is a major component and without soil, there are no plants or plant growth cannot happen. So it is very necessary to understand about the soil and its necessities that contribute to a good plant growth.

It is essential to understand the functions of soil, role of soil in plant growth, physical and chemical properties of soil, living organisms found in soil, water holding capacity and how to do good soil management. 

Let’s move on to the details of each necessity.

  • Functions of soil – soil is a medium for plant growth and it is also an amazing habitat for many living organisms and insects.
  • Role of soil in Plants – Soil particles contain oxygen which is used by living cells of a plant and for breaking down sugars. Soil also contains water which is absorbed by plants.

  • Physical properties of soil – Soil’s properties like texture, structure, pore space, organic matter, good horticultural soil matters for a good plant growth. It is very necessary to take care of all the factors in order for a healthy plant nourishment.

  • Chemical properties of soil – chemical properties of soil includes cation exchange capacity, pH level of the soil. pH level of the soil is an important factor for plant growth. pH is the description of soil’s acid or alkaline level.

  • Living organisms in soil – soil has many living organisms as inhabitants. Bacteria, fungi, algae, nematodes, earthworms, slugs are the most common of them. These organisms are essential for plants and it’s growth. Some of the important living organisms are nitrogen fixing bacteria which helps convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that can be used by the plants.

  • Water holding capacity – Soil particles contain water in between their spaces and this water is absorbed by the roots of the plants. Texture of soil plays a very important role in water holding capacity of soil. Clayey soils have high water holding capacity compared to sand soil.

  • Soil Management – soil management includes tiling of soil, mulching, managing the pH level of the soil, OM levels. 

Ways to Provide the Right Nutrition Values

There are various ways in which we can provide the right nutrition to the plants. 


  • Chemboys pH pack – they contain 99.9% of pure chemicals and they are made in the USA. They are designed to assist you to regulate the level of the pH in your soil. It avoids nutrient lockout and enhances effective plant growth. 

  • Chemboys Magnesium Sulphate – it aids by correcting the magnesium and sulphur deficiencies in the plant. It is used as a foliar spray. And allows fast movement of magnesium from leaves to roots. It costs $20 and comes in 1lb, 2lb and 8lb quantities

  • Chemboys Chlorine Killer – it can be used to kill bacteria and fungus by ruining the cell membrane of the bacteria thus causing it to open and it also helps in absorbing nutrients. They are non toxic and don’t produce any hazardous substances. It costs $18 and comes in various quantities.

  • Chemboys Nutrient Beta – it helps for better absorption of nutrients and also improves the quality of fruits, flowers and vegetables. It reduces leaf burn and also prevents salt build up in plant tissue. It also helps in reducing transplant shock. It also treats iron deficiency. Chemboys Nutrient Beta costs $13 and it comes in various desirable quantities.

  • Chemboys Nutrient Alpha – it is considered as a very good stimulant for reproductive growth. It aids in plant development and helps in well blooming. It is also a metabolic cursor that enables rapid absorption of nutrients. It costs $13 and it comes in various desirable quantities.


Plant growth and its nourishment is influenced by many internal and external factors.

As discussed above, they need constant care and nutrients for its effective growth and yield. It is also influenced by environmental biotic and abiotic factors too.

But it is of extreme importance that they receive all the important and necessary nutrients for their major processes like transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration. And also avoid the harmful pests coming in contact with them.

In order to have an effective plant growth it is necessary to look after them and supply them with sufficient amounts of nutrients.